It is generally accepted that Anuradhapura is the first political and religious capital of Sri Lanka. Anuradhapura has a history dating back thousands of years. Excavations carried out in the inner city of Anuradhapura show evidence that the area was inhabited from prehistoric times. Potsherds with Brahmi inscriptions found in both the ruined kingdom
Potsherds with Brahmi inscriptions found in the excavation date back to the historical period of Sri Lanka. It was also revealed that the period dates back to the 7-8th century
The Archaeological Department excavated the ruined kingdom in Anuradhapura and the conservation work of Anuradhapura is still under the Cultural Triangle Program of the Central Cultural Fund. The Old Town and the New Town are two parts. Moving places and businesses have been removed from the old city as much as possible and moved to the new city.
The Old Town covers an area of about nine square miles. There are two parts, the inner city and the outer city. The inner city and the outer city are very different. The Mahavamsa states that during the reign of King Kutakanatissa who ruled from 42 to 20 BC, King Vasabha built a wall of eighteen cubits high around the city. The Mahavamsa describes the building of the city. Accordingly, there were separate buildings for people belonging to different castes and foreign traders.
Recent archaeological excavations have confirmed that the kingdom of Anuradhapura had extensive contacts with foreigners. Some of the main buildings of Kandy including Anuradhapura are about 250 acres of land. Among them are the Raja Mandir, the Dalada Mandiraya and the Mahapali Dana Hall. Pita Kandy is one of the main temples and other buildings. A large number of buildings have been identified.